Microscale Technologies for Energy and Environment
Human activities after the second industrial revolution in the early nineteenth century have resulted in an increase of the atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) concentration from 280 to above 400 ppm over the past 110 years, primarily due to the constant growth of population and ever-increasing worldwide energy demand.
Current shortcomings of mitigation efforts concerning CO2 emission, including the high energy cost of CO2 recovery from stationary sources (e.g., power plants) and low efficiency of renewable and sustainable energy alternatives (e.g., solar cells), have inhibited widespread implementation of these technologies in the energy sector.
Currently, the Abolhasani lab is focused on development of microscale flow chemistry technologies tailored for studies of
(a) Fundamental mechanisms involved in the solution-phase processing of perovskite nanocrystals for photovoltaic applications,
(b) Energy efficient photo-thermal recovery of captured CO2 from stationary sources, and
(c) Thermodynamic characteristics of CO2-triggered switchable solvents as a sustainable and green strategy for distillation-free solvent recovery.
Flow Chemistry, Microfluidics, Microscale Technologies for Energy and Environment, Continuous Nano-Manufacturing, Microscale Transport Phenomena